????Tianhou Templeis the earliest and largest temple of Mazu Goddess with the highest level of architectural arrangements that has ever been preserved in China today. First built in 1196 (Southern Song Dynasty), it is an architectural ensemble where official rituals were held to offer sacrifices to Mazu, the most influential sea goddess in coastal areas of Asia. It covers an area of more than 7,200m2. The complexes are arranged along the south-north central axis and on both sides, consisting of the gate, theater stage, eastern and western watchtowers, main hall (Tianhou Hall), eastern and western corridors, memorial chamber, eastern and western rooms, eastern and western pavilions, dressing buildings, etc. Mazu is believed to save life when maritime voyagers suffer risks or disasters. During the 13th-14th centuries, with the prosperous maritime trade in Quanzhou Port, the status of Mazu Goddess in Tianhou Temple was significantly enhanced. The imperial government of several dynasties conferred Mazu with the title of the sea goddess of the highest rank and hosted national sacrificial rituals to worship her. The Mazu belief originating from Quanzhou has been widespread via maritime trade routes, establishing itself as one of the most influential deity beliefs among overseas Chinese communities. Tianhou Temple of Quanzhou sets an architectural model for many Tianhou temples around the world and was an important center for the dissemination of the Mazu belief over the sweep of history.